Diet is primarily slugs and earthworms. The northwestern garter snake has yellow, white, blue, red, or orange stripes that run lengthwise on the snake’s black or dark grey coloration. Behaviour. Photo by David Bronson, ODFW. Humans have not domesticated these snakes in any way. Learn more about some individual species below. It may cause redness and swelling in some people. You can find Garter snakes in a variety of habitats such as urban lawns, forests, woodlands, fields, and grasslands. ^ a b Stebbins RC (2003). Riparian areas are those that lie in close proximity to a water source like a lake, pond, swamp, or wetland. Photograph by Michael Beach. Where to look. This snake is referred to by many as a slug specialist. Hunting: Garter snakes rarely constrict their prey but try to kill or stun it before eating. Brown, Aleisha J. Colon, Warren C. Cromwell, Brigette S. Schwimmer, Michael A. Skinner, Dustin M. Walton "Diet of a Population of Western Terrestrial Garter Snake, Thamnophis elegans, Along the Grande Ronde River, Southeastern Washington," Northwest Science, 87(4), 349-353, (1 September 2013), Registered users receive a variety of benefits including the ability to customize email alerts, create favorite journals list, and save searches. Read on to learn about the Garter Snake. E: Northwestern Garter Snake, Puget Sound Garter snake G: Nordwestliche Strumpfbandnatter : Synonym: Tropidonotus ordinoides BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 176 Eutaenia ordinoides — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 300 Eutaenia ordinoides — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 33 Eutainia leptocephala BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 29 Eutainia cooperi KENNICOTT in COOPER 1860: 296 Appearance And Diet The Northern Water Snake is one of the largest snakes to be found in North America, and the largest examples can grow up to a length of four and a half feet. Terrestrial forms take frogs and toads, but also lizards, small mammals, salamanders and slugs. Plain-bellied water... Plains Gartersnake. What to Feed. Zoos also provide a variety of vegetation and logs for the snakes to climb on. That’s what you’ll learn on this page. Despite the fact that they are harmless snakes, they are often persecuted by humans. Common Garter Snake Great Basin Gopher Snake . The average in a litter varies by species. Since at least 1992, this species, along with N. fasciata, has been introduced in California, where they are considered invasive species likely to compete with native giant garter snake Thamnophis gigas. The diet varies among subspecies; the more aquatic forms feed on fish, frogs, tadpoles, and leeches, which are eaten in the water. Time was natural log transformed for statistical analysis, which normalized the data, but is shown here on a linear scale. Contact, Password Requirements: Minimum 8 characters, must include as least one uppercase, one lowercase letter, and one number or permitted symbol, Access Institutional Sign In via Shibboleth or OpenAthens, Diet of Caspian Terns in Commencement Bay, Washington. 2010). The terrestrial garter snake, Thamnophis elegans, is considered a generalist predator (Fleharty 1967, Weaver et al. Snakes are usually black, dark brown or green with a light-colored or red stripe and can reach 48-inches in length. Please note that a BioOne web account does not automatically grant access to full-text content. Capture for the pet trade impacts some species, and causes population decline. Some have black scales, others brown, tan, red, yellow, and more. The northwestern garter snake average about 35-53 cm in length. However, they are absent from northern Canada in the polar regions, and a portion of the southwestern United States. Expatica is the international community’s online home away from home. The snakes were opportunities feeders; their diets varied dramatically from year to year, parallel with the abundance of prey. Thamnophis ordinoides. The scientific name of this snake is Thamnophis ordinoides. The Northwestern Gartersnake inhabits dry areas such as meadows, forest edges, and dry forests. Though all the different species share the same typical snake-shaped body, these creatures vary in size and coloration. Their stripes and spots vary in size and colour, with yellow, red, tan, blue, white, and cream being the most common colours. A Garter Snake is any number of species in the taxonomic genus Thamnophis. As the winter approaches, large numbers congregate in the same area to go into a dormant state known as “brumation.” After brumation, the masses emerge and mate before parting ways again. Zookeepers usually feed them small rodents and the occasional worm or fish. 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